Japanese Udon Noodles

Expect these noodles to be chewy with a pleasant nuttiness to the flavor. Substituting 1⁄4 cup gluten flour for an equal amount of the white flour can enhance these qualities. Gluten flour is sometimes found in natural-food stores. Kneading is important to the success of these noodles, so the number of minutes matters.

Serves: 6Hands-on: 45 minutesTotal: 3 hours 50 minutesDifficulty: Medium

Serves: 6


  • 2 tsp. plus 1 tablespoon salt, divided
  • 1⁄2 cup water
  • 2 cups unbleached all-purpose flour


  • In a bowl, combine 2 teaspoons salt and water. Place the flour on the work surface and make a well in the center. Pour the water and salt into the well. Incorporate the flour into the water with your fingers until the dough forms a ball. Knead for about 10 minutes. Place the dough in a bowl, cover tightly, and let stand for 3 hours.
  • Divide dough in half and roll each half into sheets, by hand or using a pasta machine, 1⁄8 to 1⁄4 inch thick, then cut into linguini-size noodles.
  • Bring a large pot of water to boil over high heat. Add 1 tablespoon salt and the noodles slowly, stirring to separate and to keep any from sticking to the bottom. Boil 3 minutes or until al dente. Drain.